Pharmacy Courses (2023): Duration, Fees, Types, Entrance Exam | Virohan

Pharmacy Courses (2023): Eligibility, Job and Salary

By Daksh kapoor on 17 May 2023
10 mins read

Are you thinking about a career in pharmacy? That's great! Pharmacy is an important field that helps people get the medicine they need. But you might be wondering, what exactly is a pharmacy course and what does it involve?

Pharmacy is a unique field that seamlessly bridges the gap between health sciences and direct patient care. It's a profession for those who desire to help others, wish to dive deep into the intricacies of medical science, and hope to play a pivotal role in a patient's healthcare journey.

In this blog post, we aim to give you a clear and simple overview of pharmacy courses. From understanding how drugs are created and how they interact with our bodies, to learning the ethical responsibilities of a pharmacist, we'll break down all the major areas you'll delve into during your pharmacy education. Moreover, we'll talk about the different career paths that open up with a pharmacy degree, because a qualification in pharmacy can lead to more than just a job behind a drugstore counter.

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Pharmacy Course Highlights

Course LevelUG, PG & Diploma
Eligibility Criteria50% marks in 10+2 in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology
Course Duration 2-4 Years
Average Fee INR 15,000 - INR 50,000 
Entrance ExamUPSEE, GUJCET, Karnataka Common Entrance Test, BITSAT, West Bengal Joint Entrance Exam, etc.
Average SalaryINR 3.5 – 4 lakhs per annum
Job ProfilesClinical Research Associate, Pharmacist, Drug Safety Associate, Drug Inspector, Pharmacy Business, Scientific Writer, Pathological Lab Scientist

What is a Pharmacy Course?

Pharmacy courses are specialized academic programs designed to educate students about various aspects of pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences. These courses offer in-depth understanding of medications, their mechanisms, their uses, and how they are developed and manufactured.

These courses also delve into the legal and ethical aspects of pharmacy, providing students with the skills necessary to operate within the laws and regulations of their region, and to uphold the ethical standards of the profession.

On a broader level, studying a pharmacy course can provide a foundation for a career as a pharmacist. However, the knowledge and skills gained can also lead to a range of other careers, such as working in pharmaceutical research and development, drug regulation, hospital pharmacy, and more.

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Why Study Pharmacy Course?

Studying a pharmacy course opens up a world of opportunities in a diverse and rewarding field. Here are some key reasons why you might consider enrolling in a pharmacy course:

Contribute to Healthcare: Pharmacy is a vital part of the healthcare industry. As a pharmacist, you play a crucial role in improving patients' health outcomes by ensuring they receive the correct medications and understand how to use them effectively.

High Demand: There is a consistent demand for skilled pharmacists in various sectors, including hospitals, retail pharmacies, pharmaceutical companies, and more. This demand translates into a wide range of job opportunities upon graduation and job security.

Diverse Career Paths: A degree in pharmacy can lead to more than just a job at a drugstore. You could end up working in hospital pharmacy, clinical research, academia, pharmaceutical sales, or even start your own pharmacy.

Intellectually Challenging and Rewarding: The field of pharmacy offers the opportunity to continuously learn and grow. From understanding new medications and treatments to solving complex patient cases, pharmacy can be an intellectually stimulating career.

Personal Interaction: If you enjoy working with people and making a difference in their lives, pharmacy is an excellent choice. Pharmacists often build strong relationships with their patients, guiding them on their healthcare journey.

Global Opportunities: With a pharmacy degree, you can work practically anywhere in the world. The skills and knowledge you gain from a pharmacy course are transferable and highly respected globally.

Financial Rewards: While the satisfaction of helping others is a significant reward, pharmacists also tend to earn substantial salaries, reflecting their level of responsibility and the years of study required to enter the profession.

Types of Pharmacy Courses

Pharmacy courses come in different levels of study and each has its own focus and requirements. Here are the main types of pharmacy courses that are commonly offered:

1. Diploma in Pharmacy (D.Pharm): D Pharmacy Course spans over two years and is designed to familiarize students with the basic concepts of pharmaceutical science. It introduces students to the world of pharmacy and provides an understanding of the industry's practices and relevant knowledge. Graduates of this course often work as medical representatives or pharmacy technicians or can be employed in chemist shops.

2. Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm): A B.Pharm course is a four-year undergraduate degree that provides comprehensive knowledge about the field of pharmacy. This course equips students with the skills necessary to counsel patients on the use and effects of medication, and understand the composition of medicines. Graduates can work in various settings such as retail pharmacies, pharmaceutical companies, or hospitals.

3. Master of Pharmacy (M.Pharm): This is a postgraduate course that offers specialized knowledge in a particular area of pharmacy. The M.Pharm course is generally two years long and allows students to focus on areas such as pharmaceutics, pharmacology, pharmaceutical chemistry or industrial pharmacy. Graduates often work in research, academics, or advanced clinical practice.

4. Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.): Pharm.D. is a professional doctoral degree, lasting six years in total. This course is designed to prepare students for practicing as clinical pharmacists in healthcare settings. The curriculum is focused on patient care, with the aim of enabling pharmacists to work more directly with patients and healthcare providers in promoting better health outcomes.

Pharmacy Course Duration

The duration of a pharmacy course can vary significantly depending on the level of study, the country, and the specific program. Here are some general guidelines:

Diploma in Pharmacy (D.Pharm): This is usually a two-year program, which provides basic information about the pharmacy field. It's a starting point for students interested in a career in pharmacy.

Bachelor's Degree in Pharmacy (B.Pharm or Pharm.B.): This undergraduate degree typically takes four years to complete. It provides a broad understanding of pharmaceutical sciences and pharmacy practice.

Master's Degree in Pharmacy (M.Pharm): A master's degree usually takes two years to complete after obtaining a bachelor's degree. This program allows students to specialize in a specific area of pharmacy, such as clinical pharmacy, pharmaceutical chemistry, or pharmacology, among others.

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Pharmacy Course Eligibility

The eligibility criteria for pharmacy courses can vary greatly depending on the specific course and the country or institution offering it. Here are the general requirements for some of the common pharmacy courses:

1. Diploma in Pharmacy (D.Pharm):

  • Completion of secondary school or high school.
  • Science subjects (especially Chemistry, Biology, and often Physics) are typically required.
  • Some institutions might require an entrance exam.

2. Bachelor's Degree in Pharmacy (B.Pharm):

  • Completion of secondary school or high school.
    Usually, students must have studied science subjects at the high school level, particularly Biology and Chemistry.
  • Some universities require students to pass an entrance examination.
  • Proficiency in the language of instruction (often English) may also be required.

3. Master's Degree in Pharmacy (M.Pharm):

  • A Bachelor's degree in Pharmacy (B.Pharm) or a related field is usually required.
  • Some institutions may require a minimum GPA or equivalent from the undergraduate degree.

Pharmacy Course Fees

In India, the cost of pharmacy courses varies widely depending on the level of study, the institution (whether it's a government or private college), and the state. Here are some average ranges:

Diploma in Pharmacy (D.Pharm): The fee for a D.Pharm course in India can range from INR 10,000 to INR 1 lakh per annum.

Bachelor's Degree in Pharmacy (B.Pharm): The annual fee for a B.Pharm program in India generally ranges from INR 40,000 to INR 2 lakh in government colleges, and it can go up to INR 4-5 lakh per annum in private colleges.

Master's Degree in Pharmacy (M.Pharm): For an M.Pharm course, the annual fee can range from INR 50,000 to INR 2 lakh in government colleges. In private colleges, the fee can range from INR 1 lakh to INR 5 lakh per annum.

Please note that these are average ranges and the actual cost may vary based on the institution and its location. Always check the specific fees from the official resources of the institution you are interested in.

Pharmacy Entrance Exams 2023

In India, several national and state-level entrance exams are conducted for admission into pharmacy courses. These exams evaluate the student's knowledge and understanding of subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics. Here are some of the major pharmacy entrance exams you can expect in 2023:

  • West Bengal Joint Entrance Exam

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Pharmacy Course Scope

The field of pharmacy offers a broad range of career opportunities. With a qualification in pharmacy, you can find work in a variety of settings and your job role can vary greatly depending on the path you choose. Here's a look at the potential career scope after studying pharmacy in India:

1. Retail Pharmacist: This is what many people think of when they consider a career in pharmacy. Retail pharmacists work in pharmacies at drug stores, grocery stores, and healthcare facilities. They dispense medications to patients as per the doctor's prescription and provide advice on their usage.

2. Hospital Pharmacist: Hospital pharmacists work in a hospital setting and collaborate with physicians and other healthcare professionals to ensure that the patients receive the best care possible. They advise healthcare staff about the selection and effects of medications, prepare and dispense medicines, and monitor patient health and progress to achieve optimal patient outcomes.

3. Industrial Pharmacist: Industrial pharmacists work in the pharmaceutical industry where they are involved in research and development, quality control or marketing of drugs. Their work can range from packaging and testing medication to researching new drugs.

4. Regulatory Pharmacist: Regulatory pharmacists work to ensure that the company’s products comply with regulations governing the testing, safety, effectiveness and production of drugs. They often work with agencies like the Drug Controller General of India (DCGI).

5. Academic Pharmacist: If you're interested in teaching, you might consider becoming an academic pharmacist. These pharmacists work in universities where they teach and guide students in the field of pharmacy.

6. Community Pharmacist: Community pharmacists operate from the high street or at the heart of the community. They offer health advice and promote health awareness to the general public.

7. Research and Development (R&D) Pharmacist: R&D pharmacists are involved in the creation and testing of new drugs. They conduct experiments, document their results, and contribute to scientific papers.

8. Pharmaceutical Sales Representative: If you have good communication skills and enjoy marketing, you could become a pharmaceutical sales representative. These professionals work for pharmaceutical companies, promoting their drugs to doctors, hospitals, and other healthcare facilities.

9. Drug Inspector or Drug Control Officer: Working as a drug inspector or control officer involves ensuring that drugs, as well as the practices used in manufacturing them and the establishments where they are produced, meet all the regulations and standards for safety and quality.

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Pharmacy Course Salary

The salary of a professional can vary significantly based on various factors such as their specific job role, years of experience, location, the sector (public or private), and the reputation of the institution or hospital they are working with.

In general, as a fresh graduate starting your career in India, you might expect to earn somewhere between INR 2 to 5 lakhs per annum. As your experience and skills grow, so does the potential for higher remuneration, with experienced Pharmacist professionals earning upwards of INR 10 lakhs per annum, especially in senior roles or specialized areas.


Pharmacy is an integral part of the healthcare sector and plays a vital role in patient care and healthcare outcomes. It's a dynamic and rewarding field with a wide array of opportunities in various sectors, including healthcare settings like hospitals and clinics, pharmaceutical industry, academia, research and development, and government agencies.

Studying pharmacy opens doors to a career that can truly make a difference in people's lives. Whether it's helping a patient understand their medication, researching and developing new drugs, ensuring the safety and efficacy of medications, or educating future pharmacists, the roles a pharmacy graduate can play are diverse and impactful.

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