B.Voc. in Medical Laboratory Technology

B.Voc. MLT | Eligibility, Scope and Salary After 12th

By Haritha Haridas on 17 Mar 2024
7 mins read

Can you imagine a world without accurate diagnosis, blood tests, or disease monitoring? Ever paused to consider the unsung heroes working behind the scenes, aiding in our battle against diseases by accurately diagnosing them? Do you dream to be one amongst them?

If so, a Bachelor of Vocation in Medical Laboratory Technology (B.Voc. MLT) degree will offer a captivating journey into the heart of healthcare. B.Voc. MLT is a specialised program designed to prepare candidates for a career in medical laboratory technology. B.Voc. MLT equips candidates with the knowledge and skills they need to work in a clinical laboratory, where they perform a variety of tests for disease diagnosis and management.  

In this blog post, we'll take a closer look at what the B.Voc. MLT course entails and what you can expect if you decide to pursue this degree. We'll help you know the eligibility criteria, syllabus, course details and the scope this medical laboratory course offers.

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What is B Voc MLT Course?

B. Voc MLT stands for Bachelor of Vocation in Medical Laboratory Technology. It is an undergraduate program designed to provide students with the skills and knowledge necessary to work as medical laboratory technologists. This program typically takes three years to complete and includes both theoretical and practical training.

During the course, students learn about medical laboratory procedures, instruments, and equipment, as well as the principles of laboratory management, quality control, and safety. They also study human anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, and pathology.

Upon completion of the program, graduates are eligible to work as medical laboratory technologists, where they play a vital role in helping healthcare professionals diagnose diseases. They may also choose to pursue further education or certification in specialized areas of laboratory science.

Also Read: Paramedical Courses

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B Voc MLT Course Details

CourseB Voc MLT
Full FormBachelor of Vocation in Medical Laboratory Technology
Course LevelUndergraduate
Course Duration3 Years
Course EligibilityMinimum 50% in 10+2 in PCB/PCMB from any recognized education board (Depends on the university offering the course)
Course FeesINR 20,000 to INR 1,50,000 per annum
Top RecruitersPrivate Hospitals, Medical Colleges and Institutions, Medical Laboratories, Pathology Labs, Military Services, Medical Content Writing Organisations, and Government Institutions

Why Study B Voc MLT?

There are several reasons why you may want to consider pursuing a Bachelor of Vocation in Medical Laboratory Technology (B. Voc MLT) degree:

Growing Demand: The demand for medical laboratory technologists is on the rise due to the increasing need for diagnostic testing in the healthcare industry. As a result, there are ample job opportunities available for graduates of the B. Voc MLT program.

Varied Career Opportunities: Graduates of the B. Voc MLT program can work in a variety of healthcare settings, including hospitals, clinics, research labs, and public health departments. They can also specialize in areas such as microbiology, hematology, immunology, and cytology.

Hands-on Training: B.Voc. MLT program provides students with hands-on experience performing laboratory tests, analysing samples, and interpreting results. This practical training is essential for developing the skills needed for real-world scenarios.

Competitive Salary: The median annual salary for medical and clinical laboratory technologists is over INR 20,000 making it a financially rewarding career choice.

Studying B.Voc. MLT can lead to a fulfilling and financially rewarding career in healthcare. With a growing demand for medical laboratory technologists and varied career opportunities, B.Voc. MLT is an excellent choice for those interested in pursuing a career in laboratory science.

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B Voc MLT Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for this program, candidates must meet the following requirements:

  • Educational Qualification: Candidates must have completed their 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized board or institution. The minimum percentage required varies from institution to institution, but generally, candidates must have scored at least 50% marks in aggregate or as prescribed by the respective institutions.
  • Stream: Candidates must have studied science subjects in their 10+2 curriculum, including Physics, Chemistry, Biology as compulsory subjects and English. These subjects are essential for understanding the theoretical concepts and practical skills required in medical laboratory technology.                           Not from a science background but still want to pursue B.Voc. MLT? Do not worry! Institutes like Virohan offer flexibility for students from any stream to pursue B.Voc. MLT!
  • Age Limit: There is no specific age limit for admission to B.Voc. MLT. However, some institutions may have their age criteria for admission. 
  • Entrance Examination: Some universities accept candidates based on their performance in entrance exams like CUET.

It's important to note that the eligibility criteria may vary depending on the institution offering the B. Voc MLT program. Therefore, candidates should thoroughly research the eligibility requirements of the institutions they are interested in before applying.

Also Read: Lab Technician Course

B Voc MLT Course Duration

This MLT course typically spans three years, usually divided into six semesters and includes both theoretical and practical training along with industry internships. During the industry internship period, students get a chance to work in healthcare facilities under the supervision of experienced healthcare professionals.

Students can exit the B.Voc. MLT course at multiple points. If they exit after completion of one year, they get a Diploma. They get an Advanced Diploma if they exit after completing two years. If they complete 3 years, then they are awarded the B.Voc. degree. 

B Voc MLT Course Fees

The course fees for B.Voc. MLT can vary from institution to institution, depending on factors such as:

  • Location
  • Facilities provided
  • Infrastructure of the institution

Whether the institution is a private institution or a government institution
In general, the course fees for B.Voc. MLT can range from approximately INR 20,000 to INR 1,50,000 per annum.

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B Voc MLT Syllabus

  • Human body – Anatomy and physiology
  • Medical terminology
  • Medical law and ethics
  • Infection control
  • Biomedical waste management
  • Managing medical emergencies
  • Biochemistry – basic and applied
  • Haematology
  • Blood banking
  • Immunology and serology
  • Microbiology
  • Clinical pathology
  • Histopathology and cytopathology
  • Pre and post-analytical lab procedures
  • Laboratory information system
  • Advanced diagnosis techniques

B Voc MLT Scope

B. Voc MLT or Bachelor of Vocation in Medical Laboratory Technology is an undergraduate program that provides students with the necessary knowledge and skills to work in medical laboratories. Medical laboratory technology involves the analysis of body fluids, tissues, and other specimens to help diagnose and treat medical conditions. It plays a crucial role in the healthcare industry, and as a result, there is a high demand for skilled professionals in this field.

Graduates of B. Voc MLT have various career options in the healthcare industry. Some of the career options include:

  • Medical Laboratory Technician: As a medical laboratory technician, graduates can work in hospitals, clinics, and laboratories, where they will be responsible for performing tests and analyzing specimens.
  • Laboratory Manager: Graduates can also work as laboratory managers, where they will be responsible for managing the operations of a laboratory, including supervising staff, ensuring the laboratory meets regulatory standards, and managing equipment and supplies.
  • Research Assistant: Graduates can also work as research assistants in research institutions, where they will be responsible for conducting experiments, analyzing data, and contributing to research projects.
  • Quality Control Officer: Graduates can also work as quality control officers, where they will be responsible for ensuring that laboratories meet regulatory and quality standards.
  • Academia: Graduates can also pursue further studies and work as educators or researchers in academia.

The scope of B. Voc MLT is vast, and graduates can expect to have rewarding and fulfilling careers in the healthcare industry. With the increasing demand for healthcare services, the demand for skilled professionals in medical laboratory technology is also increasing, making B. Voc MLT a promising career option for students who are interested in the healthcare industry.

B Voc MLT Salary

The salary of a B. Voc MLT graduate in India may vary based on factors such as job role, experience, location, and organization. However, on average, a fresh B. Voc MLT graduates can expect a starting salary of around Rs. 2 to 4 lakhs per annum.

Job RolesAvg Salary
Medical Laboratory TechnicianINR 2 Lakhs to INR 4 Lakhs
Laboratory ManagerINR 2 Lakhs to INR 7 Lakhs
Research AssistantINR 1.7 Lakhs to INR 8.5 Lakhs
Quality Control OfficerINR 1.6 Lakhs to INR 4.8 Lakhs


Pursuing a B.Voc. in MLT (Medical Laboratory Technology) offers a promising pathway for individuals passionate about healthcare and medical science. The B.Voc. MLT program offers the right blend of skills, knowledge and practical training, which well-equips graduates to meet the challenges of the ever-evolving healthcare landscape. From diagnosis to research, the opportunities in B.Voc. MLT are vast.

Whether you aspire to work in a hospital, a diagnostic laboratory or contribute to cutting-edge research, pursuing the B.Voc. MLT program will help you pave the way for a fulfilling and impactful career in the field of Medical Laboratory Technology.

Also Read: Vocational Courses


Is B.Voc. MLT different from B.Sc. MLT?

Can I pursue B.Voc. MLT if I have not studied Biology in class 10+2?

What is the scope of a B.Voc. course?