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X Ray Technician: Course, Eligibility, Job and Salary

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In India, a diploma in X-ray technology is a two-year undergraduate course. It deals with electromagnetic radiation that enters the human body and uses photographic film to depict solid structures. This course requires a minimum of 10+2 with a minimum of marks or any equivalent. This course includes a number of hands-on activities. Every two years, the average course fee for this course ranges between INR 70,000 and INR 90,000.
Some institutes, however, may include their entrance exam score.

Students who complete the course will be able to work as X-Ray technicians, Assistant X-Ray technicians, and similar positions in hospitals, clinics, medical labs, out-patient care centres, and so on.

  • Job Positions:  X-ray technician, Assistant X-ray Technician, Radiologist, Teacher etc.
  • Average Starting Salary: INR 3,00,000

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A Career in X-Ray Technology

The healthcare industry is constantly expanding and progressing into the future. The demand for X-ray technology has increased as the community seeks better ways to detect health problems. Your career as an X-ray technician can begin with a diploma in X-ray technology or a graduate degree in Radiology. Earning an X-ray technology diploma serves as a foundation for other certifications, such as advanced radiography certifications and specialised BSc and health administration degrees. Whether you're looking for a certificate programme or an associate, bachelor's, or master's degree in radiologic technology, being an X-ray technician can lead to a variety of lucrative job opportunities.

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X-Ray Technician Course Eligibility Criteria

  • Minimum Academic Requirement- 10+2 in Science.
  • Minimum Aggregate Score Requirement- 45% or more.
  • Subject Preference- Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics.
  • Admission/Selection process- University-Level Entrance/Merit-based.
  • Areas of Employment- Government/Private Hospitals Clinics Laboratories

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Top X-Ray Technician Salary and Jobs Position

After completing their X-ray technician courses, students can pursue a variety of career opportunities. A career as an X-ray technician is a versatile one that offers job stability, a lucrative future, and good pay. Let's take a look at some of the most popular X-ray technician jobs in the industry, as well as their average estimated salary.

X-Ray Technician: Technologists manage efficiently and read and receive diagnostic reports using technical components and machines.

  • Average estimated starting salary: Rs.2,00,000 – Rs.3,00,000

Assistant X-Ray Technician: The assistant X-ray technician can operate the X-ray or radiographic machine. 

  • Average estimated starting salary: Rs.1,00,000 – Rs.2,00,000

Consultant Radiologist: Patients are advised to make proper diagnosis and treatment and also to get the proper type of testing. 

  • Average estimated starting salary: Rs.2,00,000 – Rs.3,00,000

X-Ray Testing Technician: X-ray testing technicians can handle all of these types of components and test options 

  • Average estimated starting salary: Rs.3,00,000 – Rs.4,00,000

Radiology Technician:  A Radiology Technician works with a Radiologist to diagnose and treat patients using diagnostic imaging examinations.

  • Average estimated starting salary: Rs.4,00,000 – Rs.5,00,000

Radiology Assistant: They help radiologists manage and assess patients by performing radiologic procedures.

  • Average estimated starting salary: Rs.2,00,000 – Rs.3,00,000

Radiologists: Radiologists are medical professionals that are specialists in the field of medical imaging. 

  • Average estimated starting salary: Rs.18,00,000

Radiographer: Radiologic technologists use diagnostic imaging equipment to help physicians identify illnesses and injuries. 

  • Average estimated starting salary: Rs.4,00,000 – Rs.5,00,000

Radiology Nurse: They may use x-ray equipment, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, or mammography to perform X-rays, CT scans, MRIs, or mammograms.

  •  Average estimated starting salary: Rs.8,00,000 – Rs.9,00,000

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X-Ray Technician Course Details

Name of CourseDiploma in X-Ray Technology
X-Ray Course LevelDiploma-UG
Course Duration2 years
Course Mode Full Time
Exam TypeAnnual/Semester
EligibilityPassed 10+2 with Minimum 45% Marks
Subject PreferencePhysics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics
AdmissionUniversity-Level Entrance/Merit-based
X-Ray Course FeesRs.50,000
Average SalaryRs.1,00,000
Areas of EmploymentGovernment/Private Hospitals Clinics Laboratories

Who can Opt for the X-Ray Technician Course?

Students with a pass degree in Higher Secondary Examination or 10+2 with a minimum of 50% marks from Science stream and from a recognized board, college or university can opt for The X-Ray Technician Course.

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Admission in X-Ray Technician Course

The admission process for the Diploma in X-ray Technology is based on the candidates' performance in their high school examination. Some institutes may have entrance exams followed by personal interviews. This entrance examination is determined by the institute. 
As a result, all interested applicants are advised to read the admission policies as outlined by the individual colleges.

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X-Ray Technician Course Duration

In India, the duration of an X-ray technician course usually lasts for 2 years. This is a full-time program that includes both classroom instruction and clinical experience. After completing the program, students are eligible to take the certification exam conducted by the Indian Radiological and Imaging Association (IRIA) to become a registered X-ray technician. Some institutions also offer short-term courses, which may take 6 to 12 months to complete.

X-Ray Technician Course Fees

The Fees of an X-ray Technician course in India varies depending on the institute and type of program the average course fee for this course ranges between INR 20,000 and INR 90,000.

X-Ray Technician Subjects and Syllabus

  • Human Anatomy
  • Radiological Procedures
  • Pathology
  • Human Resources
  • Physiology
  • Environmental Science
  • Anaesthesia in Diagnosis
  • Generating X-Ray
  • Properties of X-Ray
  • CT Scan
  • Management of healthcare Organisations
  • Radiation Hazards and its Protection
  • MRI
  • Conventional Radiology Equipments
  • Nuclear medicine
  • PET Scans
  • Biostatistics
  • General Radiography
  • Interventional procedures  in Diagnostic Radiology
  • Doppler and Echography
  • Care of Patients in Diagnosis
  • Organisational Behaviour
  • Communication Skills
  • Ultra Sound
  • Personality Development
  • Fundamentals of computer science
  • Principles of Radiographic exposure
  • Advanced technology and Instrumentation
  • Nuclear Medicine imaging


The Diploma in X-Ray Technology Course teaches both clinical and administrative skills. It assists interested candidates in developing the knowledge and skills needed to perform general radiography, laboratory tests, and electrocardiograms.

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X-Ray Technician Course FAQ

    What are X-Rays?


    How are X-Rays produced?


    What are the main properties of X-Rays?


    How are X-Rays used in medical diagnosis?


    How can X-Rays be detected?


    Are there any risks with X-Ray?