Occupational therapy is a healthcare branch that treats patients with physical, sensory, or cognitive problems. Occupational therapists help patients of all ages to improve their emotional, social, and physical needs. This includes a wide range of exercises, activities, and therapies. The therapy boosts their self-confidence and helps them to lead better lives.
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Occupational therapy is required for patients with the following:
- Congenital disabilities.
- Traumatic injuries to the brain or spinal cord.
- Mental or behavioural problems.
- Learning problems.
- Post-surgical conditions.
- Spina bifida.
- Severe diseases such as cerebral palsy and multiple sclerosis.
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Occupational therapy teaches patients to carry out daily tasks and regain skills. The therapy may include assistive devices which allow them to have independence in their lives. Based on the patient's condition, the types of occupational therapy are:
- General occupational therapy.
- Occupational therapy for children.
- Geriatric occupational therapy.
- Occupational therapy for mental health and so on.
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Occupational therapy definition defines therapy as allied health science. This therapy treats the patient's physical, mental, developmental, and emotional problems which impact their ability to perform even day-to-day tasks. The general responsibility of occupational therapists involves:
- Evaluating the patient's condition.
- Developing a treatment plan to meet the patient's goals.
- Assessing the patient's home or work environment.
- Training patients to adjust to their home or work environment.
- Documenting patient progress.
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Compared to adults, occupational therapy for children works specifically to develop a child. The therapy refines their sensory and motor skills. This helps them to adjust to the physical, psychological, and social structure. The therapy helps children with the following:
- Poor handwriting.
- Poor motor skills.
- Body functions.
- Low self-confidence.
- Special abilities.
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The occupational therapy equipment provides unique treatment to patients. The specialised equipment helps patients with various disorders. Some equipment are spirometers, exercise balls, wheeled walkers and so on.
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Occupational therapy courses are medical programs which teach medical treatment and rehabilitation. The course covers biochemistry, anatomy, psychology, clinical orthopaedics, rheumatology, neurology, physiology, pathology, occupational therapy, and rehabilitation. The students can be admitted to the bachelor's program and pursue higher studies with a master's in occupational therapy.
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Bachelor of occupational therapy is a graduate program with six months of compulsory internship. The students can get admission to the course after 10+2 from any stream at one of the best colleges.
Master in occupational therapy is a post-graduate program. The students can get admission to the course after completing their bachelor's of occupational therapy from a recognised college or university.
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- Bachelors in occupational therapy- 4 years with 6 months of internship.
- Masters in occupational therapy- 2 years.
The average fee for occupational course in India ranges from Rs 5000-20000 depending on the college.
Occupational therapy courses offer brilliant career opportunities to students. After completion of the courses, the students can get jobs in the following profiles:
- Occupational therapist.
- Occupational therapist assistant.
- Rehabilitation therapist.
- Clinical assistant.
- Paediatric occupational therapist.
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Occupational therapy course salary in India ranges from 2-5 lakhs per annum. With an experience of 5-9 years, you can expect more than 12 lakhs per annum.
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The occupational therapy courses are designed in a way to support your job requirement. These train you with both theoretical and practical approaches. Occupational therapy can be a good career option for students seeking for a stable yet challenging job.
Occupational Therapy FAQ's
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What are the eligibility criteria for a bachelor of occupational therapy?
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