Veterinary Doctor: Course, Salary, Qualification, Steps, Types, Roles | Virohan

Veterinary Doctor: Course, Eligibility, Jobs and Salary (2023)

By Daksh kapoor on 21 May 2023
7 mins read
Veterinary Doctor

Do you love animals? Ever thought about becoming a vet? If yes, then you're in the right place! Being a vet isn't just about liking animals though. It's about taking care of them when they're sick and helping them stay healthy. It's also a lot of hard work and you need to learn a lot about animals and how to treat them.

Our new blog series, "How to Become a Veterinary Doctor", is here to help you. We're going to talk about everything you need to know, like the kind of school and training you need, what to expect when you're studying, and what it's really like to work as a vet.

So, if you've ever thought about becoming a vet, stay tuned. We're going to show you how to turn your love for animals into a great job. Ready to learn more? Let's go!

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Who is a Veterinary Doctor?

A veterinary doctor, also known as a veterinarian, is a professional who is trained and licensed to provide medical and surgical care to animals. This can include everything from domestic pets like dogs and cats, to farm animals such as cows and pigs, and even exotic animals like snakes and parrots.

Veterinarians are responsible for diagnosing diseases, treating injuries, performing surgeries, and providing routine preventative care such as vaccinations and wellness exams. They often work in private veterinary clinics, but some also work in animal hospitals, research facilities, zoos, or for the government in roles related to public health and food safety.

Their work is not only about dealing with the animals but also communicating effectively with their owners or caretakers, educating them about the animal's health, preventive care, and treatment options.

What is Veterinary Course?

A veterinary course refers to a program of study that prepares students to become veterinary doctors. In these courses, students learn about various aspects of animal health and disease, including diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

In India, the main veterinary course is the Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc & A.H.), which is a five and a half year undergraduate program, including a six-month compulsory internship.

What is the role of Veterinary Doctor?

A veterinary doctor plays several crucial roles in the healthcare of animals. Here are the main responsibilities:

Diagnosis: Veterinarians examine animals to diagnose their health problems. They do this by conducting physical examinations and using diagnostic testing, like X-rays or blood tests.

Treatment: They treat and dress wounds, set fractures, perform surgery, and prescribe medication for animals suffering from infections or illnesses.

Prevention: Veterinarians administer vaccines to prevent common diseases and provide advice about general care, medical conditions, and treatments to ensure the animal's well-being.

Euthanasia: In cases where animals are suffering and cannot be cured or treated effectively, veterinarians may need to humanely euthanize them to relieve their suffering.

Education: Veterinarians educate pet owners about the best ways to care for their pets, including diet, exercise, and disease prevention.

Research: Some veterinarians are involved in research to contribute to the knowledge of animal health, advancement in veterinary medicine, and to find solutions to animal and human health problems.

Public Health: Veterinarians play a vital role in public health by diagnosing and controlling animal diseases that can spread to humans. They also contribute to food safety by inspecting livestock.

Regulation Compliance: Veterinarians ensure pet owners are in compliance with animal health laws, especially when it comes to vaccination or containment of animals with certain diseases.

These responsibilities can vary depending on the specific field of veterinary medicine the doctor specializes in, such as small animal practice, large animal practice, exotic animal practice, research, or public health.

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Skills Required to Become Veterinary Doctor

Becoming a veterinary doctor involves more than just a passion for animals. Here are some of the important skills needed for success in this profession:

Scientific Aptitude: A strong understanding of biological and physical sciences is crucial in veterinary medicine. Vets need to apply this scientific knowledge in diagnosing and treating various animal health conditions.

Problem-Solving Skills: Veterinarians need to be able to make quick decisions when diagnosing and treating medical conditions, often with incomplete information. This requires strong problem-solving abilities.

Manual Dexterity: Veterinary medicine often involves performing intricate procedures or surgeries, so having steady hands and good hand-eye coordination is essential.

Communication Skills: Vets need to effectively communicate with animal owners, veterinary staff, and other professionals. This includes explaining complex medical conditions or procedures and providing clear instructions for animal care.

Empathy: Veterinarians often work with anxious animal owners and sick or scared animals. Being able to empathize with both the animal and the owner can help in providing better care and support.

Patience: Working with animals requires a lot of patience as they can't communicate verbally and might not cooperate during examinations or treatments.

Types of a Veterinary Doctor

Veterinary doctors can specialize in different areas of animal health based on the type of animals they treat or the kind of medical care they provide. Here are some common types of veterinary doctors:

Companion Animal Veterinarians: These vets primarily work with pets like dogs and cats. They usually work in private veterinary clinics and provide a variety of general care and treatment services.

Equine Veterinarians: They specialize in working with horses. They often travel to farms or stables to provide medical care.

Food Animal Veterinarians: They work with farm animals like pigs, cattle, sheep, and chickens that are raised to be food sources. They often focus on herd health and preventative care.

Food Safety and Inspection Veterinarians: These vets work to protect the public by ensuring the health and humane treatment of animals that are used for food. They inspect animals for diseases that could affect human health and ensure that our food supply follows health standards.

Research Veterinarians: They work in laboratories and conduct clinical research on health problems affecting animals. They may also work on public health problems and issues that affect both animals and humans, like how diseases spread.

Wildlife Veterinarians: These vets specialize in the care of wild animals. They may work in zoos, wildlife parks, or conservation projects, treating a wide range of exotic species.

Specialists: Similar to human medicine, there are many veterinarians who specialize in specific types of care like dermatology, ophthalmology, oncology, surgery, cardiology, and more. To become a specialist, they typically have to complete additional training and pass a specialty board certification.

Emergency and Critical Care Veterinarians: These vets work in emergency animal hospitals or clinics where they treat pets with acute illnesses or injuries that need immediate attention.

These are just a few examples. The field of veterinary medicine is wide and varied, allowing individuals to find a path that best suits their interests and skills.

Veterinary Course Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for a veterinary course can vary depending on the country and institution offering the program. However, I can provide you with some general information about the typical eligibility requirements for veterinary courses:

Educational Qualifications: To be eligible for a veterinary course, you will typically need to have completed high school or an equivalent level of education. Most veterinary schools require applicants to have a strong background in science subjects such as biology, chemistry, and physics.

Academic Performance: Good academic performance is often a key criterion for admission into veterinary courses. The specific grade requirements may vary, but you will generally need to have a competitive GPA or equivalent academic achievements.

Entrance Exams: Many veterinary schools require applicants to take entrance exams to assess their knowledge and aptitude for veterinary studies.

It is important to note that these eligibility criteria can vary significantly between institutions and countries. It is recommended to check the specific requirements of the veterinary schools or programs you are interested in applying to for the most accurate and up-to-date information.

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Steps: How to become a Veterinary Doctor?

Becoming a veterinary doctor in India involves a specific set of educational qualifications and steps. Here's the general process:

1. Complete 10+2 Education:

The first step is to complete 10+2 education, preferably with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English as the main subjects. A minimum aggregate score of 50% is typically required.

2. Entrance Exam:

Next, you must appear for an entrance exam. The national level examination for Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc & A.H.) degree program is the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). Some states and universities might conduct their own entrance exams too.

3. Pursue a B.V.Sc. Degree:

Once you've cleared the entrance examination, you need to enroll in a B.V.Sc & A.H. degree program, which is of five and a half years duration

4. Master's Degree and Specialization (Optional):

While it's not required to practice, some veterinarians opt to pursue a Master's degree (MVSc) in a specialized field of Veterinary Science. Specializations can include areas like veterinary surgery, animal genetics, veterinary gynaecology, animal biotechnology, and more.

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Salary of Veterinary Doctors

Here's a generalized pay scale for various roles within veterinary medicine in India. Please note these are estimated average figures, and actual salaries may vary based on factors like location, years of experience, specialization, and the specific organization.

Job RoleSalary
Veterinarian (Entry Level)INR 2,00,000 to INR 3,00,000
Veterinarian (Experienced)INR 4,00,000 to INR 8,00,000
Veterinary SurgeonINR 3,00,000 to INR 7,00,000
Veterinary ConsultantINR 4,50,000 to INR 9,00,000
Associate Professor (Veterinary)INR 5,00,000 to INR 10,00,000
Professor (Veterinary)INR 5,00,000 to INR 10,00,000
Veterinary Research ScientistINR 6,00,000 to INR 12,00,000

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