BSc Biotechnology Course (2023): Details, Scope, Admission, Syllabus, Duration and Fees

BSc. Biotechnology: Course, Eligibility, Job and Salary

By Daksh kapoor on 4 Dec 2022
9 mins read
BSc Biotechnology Course

The BSc Biotechnology course is more than just a degree. It's your chance to get into a field that's all about making life better for everyone. Think of it as a way to learn how to use the tools of science to make big changes in the world.

In this blog, we're going to talk about what you can expect if you decide to take the BSc Biotechnology course. This is for you if you're a student who loves science and wants to understand more about biotechnology. We'll take a look at what the course is like, what you'll learn, and what jobs you could get after you finish.

So, if you're ready to learn more about this exciting field, let's dive in and explore the world of a BSc Biotechnology course together!

What is BSc Biotechnology Course?

Have you ever wondered about the science behind the foods we eat, the medicines we take, or how we can protect our environment? If so, a Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Biotechnology might be the right path for you!

BSc. Biotechnology, or Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology, is an undergraduate degree program that combines biology, chemistry, and technology to study the use of living organisms in engineering, technology, medicine, and other fields requiring bio-products.

Biotechnology is essentially about using the principles of life sciences to create new products and techniques that improve human life and the health of the planet. This can include everything from developing new medicines and therapies to fight diseases, creating more resilient and nutritious crops, managing waste and pollution, and much more.

The course is typically spread over three years and is divided into six semesters. It provides a solid foundation for students who are interested in a career in biotechnology, whether in research, industry, or further postgraduate study.

This field has a wide range of career opportunities, including roles in pharmaceutical companies, research institutes, agriculture and food industries, environmental control, waste management, energy, and more.

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BSc Biotechnology Course Details

  • A BSc. Biotechnology course is an undergraduate course that can be done after completing your 10+2 from a recognised government board, with compulsory science subjects(biology, chemistry, and physics).
  • Most colleges take admissions based on the merit of the marks of the 10+2 exams. However, some top colleges in India have their entrance tests 
  • BSc. Biotechnology can be taken up as full-time, part-time, and online courses for distance education in India.
Course LevelUndergraduate
Full-FormBachelor of Science in Biotechnology
Duration3 years
EligibilityCandidates must pass their 12th or equivalent exam with at least 50% marks Some colleges take admission based on admission test
Average Annual FeesINR 50,000 to INR 1.5 lakhs
Job PositionsBiochemist, Epidemiologist, Lab Technician, etc.
Average Annual SalaryINR 3,00,000 - 8,00,000

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Why Study BSc Biotechnology Course?

Studying BSc Biotechnology offers a range of benefits and opens up numerous career opportunities. Here are some reasons why you might consider pursuing this degree:

Interdisciplinary Field: Biotechnology is at the intersection of various disciplines like biology, chemistry, physics, and engineering. This provides a diverse learning experience and helps you develop a well-rounded scientific understanding.

Practical Application: The theories and concepts you learn in BSc Biotechnology have direct real-world applications. Whether it's developing vaccines, improving crop yields, or creating biofuels, biotechnology makes a tangible difference in the world.

Cutting-Edge Research: Biotechnology is a rapidly evolving field. As a student, you'll be learning about the latest technologies and breakthroughs. You may even get the chance to contribute to this field through your own research projects.

Career Opportunities: A degree in Biotechnology can lead to a wide array of job prospects in various sectors, including healthcare, agriculture, environmental science, and industry. Roles can range from lab technician to research scientist, quality control analyst to biotech product manager.

Postgraduate Opportunities: If you're interested in further study, a BSc in Biotechnology provides a strong foundation for postgraduate degrees in specialized biotech fields. This could lead to advanced research roles or academic careers.

Contribute to Global Challenges: Whether it's fighting disease, tackling hunger, or addressing climate change, biotechnology plays a crucial role in solving some of the world's most pressing issues. As a biotechnologist, you'll have the opportunity to contribute to these global challenges.

Growing Field: The biotechnology sector has been steadily growing, with increasing investment and interest from both the public and private sectors. This trend is predicted to continue, making it a promising field for stable and rewarding career prospects.

Who can opt for the BSc. Biotechnology Course?

  • Students interested in genetics can pursue a BSc. Biotechnology as a career.
  • Students who are interested in research can do this course.
  • A biotechnologist works on changing the genetic material of plants & animals so that the production of food and livestock can be increased. Therefore people interested in these fields can do this course.
  • After doing a BSc in Biotechnology, food security and safety are exciting fields. 
  • Candidates who are interested in developing drugs and vaccines.

Check out about Biotechnology Course

What BSc Biotechnology Students Do?

BSc. Biotechnology students learn organic mechanisms in biology, microbial genetics, molecular genetics and research, DNA typing and applied sciences with chemistry and biomathematics. Students are taught how to deal with genetics and the basics of modifying DNA and RNA. In addition, they learn how to best help develop modern living and healthcare with the help of organisms and technology.

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BSc Biotechnology Course Duration

In India, the Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Biotechnology is generally a three-year undergraduate program. This duration is standard for most BSc programs in the country. The course is typically divided into six semesters, with each academic year consisting of two semesters.

BSc Biotechnology Course Fees

The fees for a Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Biotechnology can vary greatly depending on a variety of factors, such as the prestige and location of the university, whether it is a private or public institution.  The cost can range from around INR 50,000 to INR 2,00,000 per annum.

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BSc. Biotechnology Course Eligibility Criteria

The minimum eligibility required for admission to the BSc. Biotechnology course is:

  • 55% aggregate marks at 10+2 level with compulsory science subjects of physics, chemistry, and biology(50% for SC and ST categories).
  • Admissions based on the entrance exam are based on marks obtained, followed by a round of personal interviews.
  • Candidates already working in alternate science or healthcare can apply for distance learning for a BSc. Biotechnology program.

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Admission in BSc Biotechnology Course

Admission to the Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Biotechnology course in India usually follows a standard process, but it can vary slightly between institutions. Here is a generalized process:

1. Eligibility: Firstly, you need to ensure you meet the eligibility criteria. For BSc Biotechnology, the basic eligibility is typically that students must have passed their 10+2 examinations with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology or Biotechnology as core subjects. Some institutions also require a minimum percentage in these subjects (usually around 50% - 60%).

2. Application: The application process usually involves filling out an application form with personal and academic details. This may be done online or offline, depending on the institution.

3. Entrance Exam: Some universities conduct their own entrance exams for BSc Biotechnology admissions, while others may consider national level entrance exams. The entrance exams generally test the candidate's knowledge in core science subjects (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) at the 10+2 level.

4. Merit List: After the entrance exams, universities usually release a merit list based on the scores obtained by the candidates. In some cases, universities may offer direct admission based on 10+2 marks, without any entrance exam.

5. Counselling/Interview: Selected candidates may then be called for a counseling session or an interview. The purpose of this stage is to verify the candidate's documents and their interest in the course.

6. Admission: Once all these steps are completed satisfactorily, candidates are typically given a formal admission offer. After paying the necessary admission fees, candidates are enrolled into the program.

Remember to check the specific admission process for the college or university you are interested in, as they might have unique requirements or steps in their admission process.

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BSc Biotechnology Entrance Exam

Entrance exams for a BSc in Biotechnology vary depending on the institution or the state in India. Some colleges and universities may conduct their own entrance examinations, while others accept scores from national level entrance exams. Here are some common entrance exams for BSc Biotechnology:

  • NPAT
  • SET

BSc. Biotechnology Course Structure and Curriculum

Semester 1

  • Macromolecular Structure and Analysis
  • Biophysics & Instrumentation
  • Cell Structure & Dynamics
  • Biomathematics 1
  • Chemistry 

Semester 2

  • Organic Mechanisms in Biology
  • Principles of Transmission Genetics
  • Principles of Microbiology
  • Introduction to C-Programming & Digital Logic
  • Biomathematics 2

Semester 3

  • Microbial Genetics          
  • Principles of Immunology 
  • Plant Biotechnology              
  • Plant & Animal Tissue Culture Techniques and applications   
  • Introduction to Data Structure & Computer Organization

Semester 4 

  • Molecular genetics
  • Biodiversity and Taxonomy 
  • Animal Biotechnology 
  • Computational Biology & Bioinformatics
  • Introduction to DBMS, Computer Network & Numerical Analysis

Semester 5

  • DNA Typing, Proteomics & Beyond
  • Recombinant DNA Technology
  • Environmental Biotechnology 
  • Industrial biotechnology

Semester 6

  • Medical Biotechnology
  • Model Organisms in Human Genome Project
  • Biotechnology- Social, Legal, and Ethical issues
  • Elements of Management Introduction and Entrepreneurship

Job Opportunities for BSc. Biotechnology

A BSc in Biotechnology degree can open up a wide range of career opportunities across various industries. The skills and knowledge gained during this course can be applied in numerous fields. Here are some job roles that graduates can consider:

Biotechnologist: Biotechnologists use living organisms to design and develop practical products for a range of fields, from medicine and pharmaceuticals to agriculture and energy.

Research Scientist: Research scientists work in a laboratory setting, conducting experiments to increase scientific knowledge in the field of biotechnology.

Lab Technician/Analyst: Lab technicians prepare samples, operate lab equipment, and record and analyze results in research and clinical labs.

Quality Control Analyst: Quality control analysts work to ensure the consistency and safety of biotechnological products, such as pharmaceuticals or food items.

Medical Scientist: Medical scientists conduct research with the aim of improving human health. They might develop medical products, such as drugs or medical equipment.

Microbiologist: Microbiologists study microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, algae, and some types of parasites to understand how these organisms live, grow, and interact with their environments.

Biomedical Engineer: Biomedical engineers work at the intersection of engineering, biology, and medicine, designing and developing medical equipment, devices, computer systems, and software used in healthcare.

Bioinformatics Specialist: Bioinformatics specialists use their knowledge of computer science to analyze and interpret complex biological data, such as genetic codes.

Regulatory Affairs Specialist: These professionals ensure that biotech companies comply with all the regulations and laws pertaining to their business.

Environmental Biotechnologist: Environmental biotechnologists apply their knowledge to solve environmental problems, like pollution and waste management.

Moreover, with further study and specialization, even more opportunities open up. However, it's important to remember that some roles may require additional qualifications or experience beyond a BSc in Biotechnology.

BSc. Biotechnology Course Salary and Perks

Out of all the various fields that a student can pursue after BSc in biotechnology, below mentioned are some significant positions for which they can apply and their approximate salary range/annum(INR).

BiochemistINR. 5.5-6 lakh pa
EpidemiologistINR. 5-6 lakh pa
Lab technicianINR. 3-4 lakh pa
Research scientistINR. 5.5-6 lakh pa
Biotech AnalystINR. 6.5-7.5 lakh pa
Lecturer/ ProfessorINR. 6-7 lakh pa 
Food safetyINR. 4.5-6 lakh pa

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If you like biology and also enjoy using new technology to solve problems, then a Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology (or BSc Biotechnology for short) could be a good choice for you.

In this course, you'll learn a lot about different areas of science, including biology, chemistry, and even a bit of computer science. You'll get to do experiments in labs and sometimes work on research projects. The course takes three years to complete in India, and you usually have to take an entrance exam to get in.

The great thing about a BSc Biotechnology degree is that it can lead to many different kinds of jobs. You could work in a lab, help make new medicines, study tiny microbes, or even use biology to help solve environmental problems.

The cost of studying BSc Biotechnology can be different depending on the college, but there are options out there to suit different budgets.

In a nutshell, a BSc Biotechnology degree can open up lots of opportunities. It's all about using science and technology to make life better. Who wouldn't want to be part of that?

Is taking Math at the 10+2 level compulsory if I want to do BSc. Biotechnology?

Can I do MTech after completing this course?

Can I apply for a government job after doing a BSc. in Biotechnology?