Let us understand hematology and hematologists.

The study of blood, blood-forming organs and blood disorders involving their cause, prognosis, treatment and prevention is called haematology.

 

The healthcare professionals who are trained to focus on patient care and perform tests for diagnosis and treatment of these disorders ranging from anaemias to blood cancers are called Hematologists.

Note: Hematology also spelled haematology in British English.

It covers the diagnosis of blood cell diseases, analyses of blood cell abnormalities, the anatomy and physiology of blood cellular components and the management of related disorders. 

You will be taught topics with in-depth details as you climb up the hierarchy of expertise from 12th class to a Masters’s degree and then a Doctorate in haematology.

Some topics that will be a part of your curriculum are

  • Clinical haematology
  • Morphology and physiology of Blood, marrow, lymphatic tissue and spleen
  • Immunology, pharmacology, molecular genetics
  • Hematopoiesis
  • Hemostasis and thrombosis
  • Haemoglobin
  • Bleeding Disorders
  • Clotting factors
  • Leukaemia and different types
  • Anaemia and different kinds of anaemias
  • Biopsy and bone marrow aspiration
  • Chemotherapy

This varies from one institute to another. It is aimed to make the learners proficient in blood-related disorders and their management. The curriculum ensures to enable you to have maximum career opportunities with a strong foundation in either academic or community hematology.

Also Read: Medical Lab Technician: Course, Eligibility, Job & Salary

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Eligibility for becoming a hematologist

  • For MD in hematology: At least a 50% score in class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English as a compulsory subject makes you eligible for MBBS. You can pursue MD in pathology to become a hematologist/pathologist post your MBBS.
  • Postgraduate diplomas require an MBBS degree.
  • For DM in hematology: You can opt for DM(masters) in clinical pathology after completing your MD in general medicine or paediatrics recognized by the Medical Council of India. 
  • For a Diploma: You can become a hematology technician after completing a diploma in hematology. The prerequisite is clearing class 12 with a minimum of 40% marks.

Admission procedure for Hematology Courses

Admissions to most of the top government colleges/universities/institutes are carried out based on a common test like the NEET exam. Many private institutes also accept NEET scores for admissions. 

NEET exam is scheduled for both undergraduate and postgraduate levels separately.

The best colleges in India for Hematology Courses

Some of the best colleges in India are

Name of College

Location

AIIMS

New Delhi

AFMC

Pune

CMC

Vellore

KMC

Manipal

KGMU

Lucknow

JIPMER

Puducherry

PGIMER

Chandigarh

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Fee structure

  • DM in haematology annual fee is INR 1 to 2 lakhs.
  • PG diploma courses: the course fee is approximately 2 lakhs.
  • The diploma program for hematology technicians is INR 60,000 to INR 1.5 lakhs.

Duration

  • MD medicine is 3 years in duration. 
  • DM in hematology 3 years, including a 6-month posting in the laboratory.
  • The hematology technician diploma program is 1-2 years in duration. 

Salary of a Hematologist​

The average salary of a haematologist is around 15 to 20 lakh per annum.

The average salary of a haematology technician ranges from INR 2 lakhs to INR 5 lakhs.

Scope of Hematology

Haematology is a dynamic medical field. 

The demand for hematologists is on a rise. Countless people are suffering from blood-related diseases and cancers and an increase in the ageing population. Owing to these factors continuous advancements and innovations are surfacing round the clock. You can also opt for teaching in medical schools and colleges once you complete your degree. Research is a good option for those who have in-depth knowledge and interest in this field. 

Thus, choosing hematology as your career will open you to a vast array of opportunities in diagnostic, therapeutic, academic and non-academic fields as well.

Similarly, this scope is not just limited to our country, but you can avail yourself of endless opportunities even abroad.

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Work of a Hematologist

Your job as a haematologist will include analysing the signs and symptoms to diagnose both benign and malignant diseases like leukaemias, anaemias, and haemophilia.

You will shoulder the responsibility of not only providing the correct diagnosis and treatment but also in the shortest possible time. As blood is the transport liquid reaching all organs in the body, any disruptions in blood and its components can lead to a multi-organ failure. A qualified haematologist is also expected to perform individually various haematological investigations and interpret results for diagnosing various haematological disorders.

As a haematology technician, your job will include laboratory assessments of blood and body fluid samples for counting the total number of different blood cells, their shapes and sizes, staining for the presence of parasites, examining the iron status for anaemias, platelet functions, blood matching before blood transfusion and much more.

Skills Required to Become Hematologist​

Hematology is a cognitive branch of medicine that requires

  • a high level of clinical expertise.
  • Ability to receive, prepare, and interpret blood and body fluid samples.
  • Outstanding teamwork and interpersonal skills.
  • Analytical mindset with good problem-solving.

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Job profiles for Hematologist​

The best job roles you can apply for are
Job ProfileDescription
HaematologistDiagnosis and management of blood-related disorders
Research AssistantInnovate techniques to study and analyse blood cells and related disorders and immunology, cancer biology and haematology etc. 
Medical ProfessorImparts training and education to medical students in a medical college/university
General Medical PractionerDiagnosis and treats patients 
Medical OfficerSupervises the working in a healthcare facility
Pathologist Oversees the work of technicians and technologists in a medical laboratory

A diploma holder can apply for the job of a haematology technician or medical laboratory technician in medical laboratories.

Job recruiters

  • Hospitals
  • Blood banks
  • Clinics
  • Research institutes
  • Medical colleges

Hematologists work closely with physicians, paediatricians, oncologists to monitor the health condition of a patient. They even directly care for patients suffering from life-threatening diseases like sickle cell disease, anaemias, leukaemias or lymphomas

Many also undertake research to improve the survival rate. Haematologists thus are vital steps in the road to good health.

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FAQs For Haematology

Doctors who have extra training in disorders related to blood bone marrow and lymphatic system are called haematologists. Haematologists work in conjunction with physicians to formulate a diagnosis in order to deliver the most appropriate therapy to a suffering patient.

Haematology is the branch of medicine concerned with the study of the cause the prognosis treatment and prevention of diseases that are related to blood and its components such as blood cells haemoglobin and bone marrow. It also involves the study of the mechanism of coagulation.

A medical technologist responsible for the analysis of blood in a hematology laboratory is called a hematology technician.

The clinical haematology laboratory performs a variety of basic and advanced haematology testing on blood, urine and other body fluids like cerebrospinal fluids.

Routine haematology testing like complete blood count, bone marrow staining and advanced haematology testing like cytometry testing for lymphomas leukaemias is done here.

If MD is from a relevant field like MD in General Medicine or Paediatrics from a university recognized by the Medical Council of India, then you are eligible for a DM in clinical haematology.

To become a Hematologist the aspirants must possess a five and a half years MBBS degree followed by a 2-3 years MD in Medicine or MD in Paediatrics or a DNB course to pursue a DM in haematology and become a haematologist.


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