Hematology Courses - Scope, Fees, Eligibility in India

Hematology Courses - Scope, Fees, Eligibility in India

By Arushi Trivedi on 3 Mar 2022
5 mins read

Hematology involves the study of the blood, and in depth analyses of how blood can affect overall health of a person or disease. Hematology as a stream offers the knowledge of the tests that are related to blood, blood proteins and blood producing organs.

Hematology course details

It covers the diagnosis of blood cell diseases, analyses of blood cell abnormalities, the anatomy and physiology of blood cellular components and the management of related disorders.

You will be taught topics with in-depth details as you climb up the hierarchy of expertise from 12th class to a Masters’s degree and then a Doctorate in haematology.

Some topics that will be a part of your curriculum are

  • Clinical haematology
  • Morphology and physiology of Blood, marrow, lymphatic tissue and spleen
  • Immunology, pharmacology, molecular genetics
  • Hematopoiesis
  • Hemostasis and thrombosis
  • Haemoglobin
  • Bleeding Disorders
  • Clotting factors
  • Leukaemia and different types
  • Anaemia and different kinds of anaemias
  • Biopsy and bone marrow aspiration
  • Chemotherapy

This varies from one institute to another. It is aimed to make the learners proficient in blood-related disorders and their management. The curriculum ensures to enable you to have maximum career opportunities with a strong foundation in either academic or community hematology.

Also Read: Medical Lab Technician

Eligibility for Becoming a Hematology

  • For MD in hematology: At least a 50% score in class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English as a compulsory subject makes you eligible for MBBS. You can pursue MD in pathology to become a hematologist/pathologist post your MBBS.
  • Postgraduate diplomas require an MBBS degree.
  • For DM in hematology: You can opt for DM(masters) in clinical pathology after completing your MD in general medicine or paediatrics recognized by the Medical Council of India.
  • For a Diploma: You can become a hematology technician after completing a diploma in hematology. The prerequisite is clearing class 12 with a minimum of 40% marks.

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Hematology Course Admission Procedure

Admissions to most of the top government colleges/universities/institutes are carried out based on a common test like the NEET exam. Many private institutes also accept NEET scores for admissions.

NEET exam is scheduled for both undergraduate and postgraduate levels separately.

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The Best Colleges in India for Hematology Courses

Name of CollegesLocation
AIIMS- All India Insitute of Medical ScienceNew Delhi
AFMC- Armed Forces Medical CollegesPune
CMC- Christian Medical Collegevellore
KMC- Kasturba Medical CollegeManipal
KGMU- King George 's  Medical UniversiteLucknow
JIPMER- Jawaharlal Insitute of Postgraduate Medical Education and ReasearchPuducherry
PGIMER- Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and ReasearchChandigarh

Fee Structure

  • DM in haematology annual fee is INR 1 to 2 lakhs.
  • PG diploma courses: the course fee is approximately 2 lakhs.
  • The diploma program for hematology technicians is INR 60,000 to INR 1.5 lakhs.


  • MD medicine is 3 years in duration.
  • DM in hematology 3 years, including a 6-month posting in the laboratory.
  • The hematology technician diploma program is 1-2 years in duration.

Salary of a Hematologist

The average salary of a haematologist is around 15 to 20 lakh per annum.

The average salary of a haematology technician ranges from INR 2 lakhs to INR 5 lakhs.

Scope of Hematology

Haematology is a dynamic medical field.

The demand for hematologists is on a rise. Countless people are suffering from blood-related diseases and cancers and an increase in the ageing population. Owing to these factors continuous advancements and innovations are surfacing round the clock. You can also opt for teaching in medical schools and colleges once you complete your degree. Research is a good option for those who have in-depth knowledge and interest in this field.

Thus, choosing hematology as your career will open you to a vast array of opportunities in diagnostic, therapeutic, academic and non-academic fields as well.

Similarly, this scope is not just limited to our country, but you can avail yourself of endless opportunities even abroad.

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Work of a Hematology

Your job as a haematologist will include analysing the signs and symptoms to diagnose both benign and malignant diseases like leukaemias, anaemias, and haemophilia.

You will shoulder the responsibility of not only providing the correct diagnosis and treatment but also in the shortest possible time. As blood is the transport liquid reaching all organs in the body, any disruptions in blood and its components can lead to a multi-organ failure. A qualified haematologist is also expected to perform individually various haematological investigations and interpret results for diagnosing various haematological disorders.

As a haematology technician, your job will include laboratory assessments of blood and body fluid samples for counting the total number of different blood cells, their shapes and sizes, staining for the presence of parasites, examining the iron status for anaemias, platelet functions, blood matching before blood transfusion and much more.

Skills Required to Become Hematologist

Hematology is a cognitive branch of medicine that requires

  • A high level of clinical expertise.
  • Ability to receive, prepare, and interpret blood and body fluid samples.
  • Outstanding teamwork and interpersonal skills.
  • Analytical mindset with good problem-solving.

Job Profiles for Hematologist

The best job roles you can apply for are

Job ProfileDescription
Diagnosis and management of blood-related disorders
Research Assistant
Innovate techniques to study and analyse blood cells and related disorders and immunology, cancer biology and haematology etc.
Medical Professor
Imparts training and education to medical students in a medical college/university
General Medical Practioner
Diagnosis and treats patients
Medical Officer
Supervises the working in a healthcare facility
PathologistOversees the work of technicians and technologists in a medical laboratory

A diploma holder can apply for the job of a haematology technician or medical laboratory technician in medical laboratories.

Job Recruiters

  • Hospital
  • Blood Bank
  • Clinics
  • Research Institutes
  • Medical Colleges

Hematologists work closely with physicians, paediatricians, oncologists to monitor the health condition of a patient. They even directly care for patients suffering from life-threatening diseases like sickle cell disease, anaemias, leukaemias or lymphomas

Many also undertake research to improve the survival rate. Haematologists thus are vital steps in the road to good health.

Common Hematology Tests:

Given is a Hematology test list:

Complete Blood Cell CountIt helps diagnose anemia, inflammatory diseases, and blood cancer. Monitoring blood loss and infection.
Platelet count:For diagnoses and monitoring bleeding disorders.
Blood enzyme tests:For diagnosing cardiovascular conditions, including heart attack.
Bone marrow biopsy:For diagnoses and monitoring of anemia, thrombocytopenia, i.e. having a low platelet count.
Blood transfusions:Intravenously transferring healthy blood through an IV.

Hematology Analyzer:

This is a modern instrument used to rapidly analyze blood samples for CBC (Complete blood count), the instrument is used to count blood cells with a high speed and frequency.

The analysis helps detect various conditions such as anemia, autoimmune deficiencies, diabetes, infections, and cancers. It can also detail the genetic information, viruses, and organ deficiencies.

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