Hematology involves the study of the blood, and in depth analyses of how blood can affect overall health of a person or disease. Hematology as a stream offers the knowledge of the tests that are related to blood, blood proteins and blood producing organs.
It covers the diagnosis of blood cell diseases, analyses of blood cell abnormalities, the anatomy and physiology of blood cellular components and the management of related disorders.
You will be taught topics with in-depth details as you climb up the hierarchy of expertise from 12th class to a Masters’s degree and then a Doctorate in haematology.
Some topics that will be a part of your curriculum are
- Clinical haematology
- Morphology and physiology of Blood, marrow, lymphatic tissue and spleen
- Immunology, pharmacology, molecular genetics
- Hemostasis and thrombosis
- Bleeding Disorders
- Clotting factors
- Leukaemia and different types
- Anaemia and different kinds of anaemias
- Biopsy and bone marrow aspiration
This varies from one institute to another. It is aimed to make the learners proficient in blood-related disorders and their management. The curriculum ensures to enable you to have maximum career opportunities with a strong foundation in either academic or community hematology.
Also Read: Medical Lab Technician
- For MD in hematology: At least a 50% score in class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English as a compulsory subject makes you eligible for MBBS. You can pursue MD in pathology to become a hematologist/pathologist post your MBBS.
- Postgraduate diplomas require an MBBS degree.
- For DM in hematology: You can opt for DM(masters) in clinical pathology after completing your MD in general medicine or paediatrics recognized by the Medical Council of India.
- For a Diploma: You can become a hematology technician after completing a diploma in hematology. The prerequisite is clearing class 12 with a minimum of 40% marks.
Admissions to most of the top government colleges/universities/institutes are carried out based on a common test like the NEET exam. Many private institutes also accept NEET scores for admissions.
NEET exam is scheduled for both undergraduate and postgraduate levels separately.
Also Read: Bsc Nursing Course
|Name of Colleges||Location|
|AIIMS- All India Insitute of Medical Science||New Delhi|
|AFMC- Armed Forces Medical Colleges||Pune|
|CMC- Christian Medical College||vellore|
|KMC- Kasturba Medical College||Manipal|
|KGMU- King George 's Medical Universite||Lucknow|
|JIPMER- Jawaharlal Insitute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Reasearch||Puducherry|
|PGIMER- Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Reasearch||Chandigarh|
- DM in haematology annual fee is INR 1 to 2 lakhs.
- PG diploma courses: the course fee is approximately 2 lakhs.
- The diploma program for hematology technicians is INR 60,000 to INR 1.5 lakhs.
- MD medicine is 3 years in duration.
- DM in hematology 3 years, including a 6-month posting in the laboratory.
- The hematology technician diploma program is 1-2 years in duration.
The average salary of a haematologist is around 15 to 20 lakh per annum.
The average salary of a haematology technician ranges from INR 2 lakhs to INR 5 lakhs.
Haematology is a dynamic medical field.
The demand for hematologists is on a rise. Countless people are suffering from blood-related diseases and cancers and an increase in the ageing population. Owing to these factors continuous advancements and innovations are surfacing round the clock. You can also opt for teaching in medical schools and colleges once you complete your degree. Research is a good option for those who have in-depth knowledge and interest in this field.
Thus, choosing hematology as your career will open you to a vast array of opportunities in diagnostic, therapeutic, academic and non-academic fields as well.
Similarly, this scope is not just limited to our country, but you can avail yourself of endless opportunities even abroad.
Also Read: Bvoc Course
Your job as a haematologist will include analysing the signs and symptoms to diagnose both benign and malignant diseases like leukaemias, anaemias, and haemophilia.
You will shoulder the responsibility of not only providing the correct diagnosis and treatment but also in the shortest possible time. As blood is the transport liquid reaching all organs in the body, any disruptions in blood and its components can lead to a multi-organ failure. A qualified haematologist is also expected to perform individually various haematological investigations and interpret results for diagnosing various haematological disorders.
As a haematology technician, your job will include laboratory assessments of blood and body fluid samples for counting the total number of different blood cells, their shapes and sizes, staining for the presence of parasites, examining the iron status for anaemias, platelet functions, blood matching before blood transfusion and much more.
Hematology is a cognitive branch of medicine that requires
- A high level of clinical expertise.
- Ability to receive, prepare, and interpret blood and body fluid samples.
- Outstanding teamwork and interpersonal skills.
- Analytical mindset with good problem-solving.
The best job roles you can apply for are
|Haematologist||Diagnosis and management of blood-related disorders|
|Research Assistant||Innovate techniques to study and analyse blood cells and related disorders and immunology, cancer biology and haematology etc.|
|Medical Professor||Imparts training and education to medical students in a medical college/university|
|General Medical Practioner||Diagnosis and treats patients|
|Medical Officer||Supervises the working in a healthcare facility|
|Pathologist||Oversees the work of technicians and technologists in a medical laboratory|
A diploma holder can apply for the job of a haematology technician or medical laboratory technician in medical laboratories.
- Blood Bank
- Research Institutes
- Medical Colleges
Hematologists work closely with physicians, paediatricians, oncologists to monitor the health condition of a patient. They even directly care for patients suffering from life-threatening diseases like sickle cell disease, anaemias, leukaemias or lymphomas
Many also undertake research to improve the survival rate. Haematologists thus are vital steps in the road to good health.
Given is a Hematology test list:
|Complete Blood Cell Count||It helps diagnose anemia, inflammatory diseases, and blood cancer. Monitoring blood loss and infection.|
|Platelet count:||For diagnoses and monitoring bleeding disorders.|
|Blood enzyme tests:||For diagnosing cardiovascular conditions, including heart attack.|
|Bone marrow biopsy:||For diagnoses and monitoring of anemia, thrombocytopenia, i.e. having a low platelet count.|
|Blood transfusions:||Intravenously transferring healthy blood through an IV.|
This is a modern instrument used to rapidly analyze blood samples for CBC (Complete blood count), the instrument is used to count blood cells with a high speed and frequency.
The analysis helps detect various conditions such as anemia, autoimmune deficiencies, diabetes, infections, and cancers. It can also detail the genetic information, viruses, and organ deficiencies.
Who is a haematologist?
What is haematology?
Who is a hematology technician?
What is a haematology laboratory?
Can I pursue DM in haematology if I am MD in some other field?
How do I become a haematologist after the 12th?