India is home to about 70 million people with Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and is estimated to have the second highest number of cases of DM in the world after China in 2015. Of these, it remained undiagnosed in more than 36 million people. The prevalence of DM in India ranges from 5–17%, with higher levels found in urban areas. Not just Type I diabetes, Type II diabetes has started affecting people at a very young age. As per recent reports, the number of diabetes patients in the country is likely to go up to 120 million in next 20 years. Indians are also believed to have a greater degree of insulin resistance and a stronger genetic predisposition to diabetes.
Thus, India is on the verge of being the “DIABETIC CAPITAL” of the world. Diabetes mellitus has very high morbidity and mortality. More than 10 lakh Indians die due to diabetes every year.
If left undiagnosed and untreated, it can lead to severe life-threatening complications such as coronary artery disease, stroke, End-stage renal disease, diabetic neuropathy and diabetic retinopathy eventually causing blindness.
But, to cope up with such rapid escalation of DM cases, we do not have sufficient TRAINED specialists. Hence, the world needs more number of healthcare professionals. Against this background, a thorough understanding of the disease is a prerequisite to effective management of the disease.